A combined in vitro approach to improve the prediction of mitochondrial toxicants.


Eakins, Julie; Bauch, Caroline; Woodhouse, Heather; Park, Benjamin; Bevan, Samantha; Dilworth, Clive; Walker, Paul

Publication Year 2016
Journal Toxicology in Vitro
Pages 161-170
Volume 34
PMID 27083147.0
DOI 10.1016/j.tiv.2016.03.016
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2016.03.016

Drug induced mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in organ toxicity and the withdrawal of drugs or black box warnings limiting their use. The development of highly specific and sensitive in vitro assays in early drug development would assist in detecting compounds which affect mitochondrial function. Here we report the combination of two in vitro assays for the detection of drug induced mitochondrial toxicity. The first assay measures cytotoxicity after 24h incubation of test compound in either glucose or galactose conditioned media (Glu/Gal assay). Compounds with a greater than 3-fold toxicity in galactose media compared to glucose media imply mitochondrial toxicity. The second assay measures mitochondrial respiration, glycolysis and a reserve capacity with mechanistic responses observed within one hour following exposure to test compound. In order to assess these assays a total of 72 known drugs and chemicals were used. Dose-response data was normalised to 100× Cmax giving a specificity, sensitivity and accuracy of 100%, 81% and 92% respectively for this combined approach. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.