Rana, Payal; Nadanaciva, Sashi; Will, Yvonne
|Journal||Toxicology in Vitro|
Drug-induced mitochondrial toxicity is a contributing factor to many organ toxicities. The fact that some, but not all members of a particular drug class can induce mitochondrial dysfunction has necessitated the need for predictive screens within the drug development process. One of these screens is a cell viability assay done in two types of media, one containing high-glucose, the other, galactose. Since galactose-grown cells are more susceptible to mitochondrial toxicants than high-glucose-grown cells, this assay distinguishes compounds that cause toxicity primarily through mitochondrial targets from those that cause multifactorial toxicity. However, the assay does not show if compounds that cause multifactorial toxicity cause impairment on mitochondria. To address this problem, we investigated if multiplexing the assay with mitochondrial membrane potential measurements using the fluorescent dye, JC-1, could provide further information. We tested 28 drugs in the multiplexed assay and found that, although mitochondrial toxicants could be detected, no additional information was revealed about compounds that caused multifactorial toxicity. Hence, measurements with JC-1 did not provide additional information beyond what was detected using the cell viability assay. We conclude that even though the multiplexed assay is useful for HTS applications, it provides no additional value over the high-glucose-galactose cell viability assay. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.