Atpenins, potent and specific inhibitors of mitochondrial complex II (succinate-ubiquinone oxidoreductase).


Miyadera, Hiroko; Shiomi, Kazuro; Ui, Hideaki; Yamaguchi, Yuichi; Masuma, Rokuro; Tomoda, Hiroshi; Miyoshi, Hideto; Osanai, Arihiro; Kita, Kiyoshi; Omura, Satoshi

Publication Year 2003
Journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Pages 473-477
Volume 100
Issue 2
PMID 12515859.0
DOI 10.1073/pnas.0237315100

Enzymes in the mitochondrial respiratory chain are involved in various physiological events in addition to their essential role in the production of ATP by oxidative phosphorylation. The use of specific and potent inhibitors of complex I (NADH-ubiquinone reductase) and complex III (ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase), such as rotenone and antimycin, respectively, has allowed determination of the role of these enzymes in physiological processes. However, unlike complexes I, III, and IV (cytochrome c oxidase), there are few potent and specific inhibitors of complex II (succinate-ubiquinone reductase) that have been described. In this article, we report that atpenins potently and specifically inhibit the succinate-ubiquinone reductase activity of mitochondrial complex II. Therefore, atpenins may be useful tools for clarifying the biochemical and structural properties of complex II, as well as for determining its physiological roles in mammalian tissues.