ROS Control Mitochondrial Motility through p38 and the Motor Adaptor Miro/Trak.


Debattisti, Valentina; Gerencser, Akos A; Saotome, Masao; Das, Sudipto; Hajn?czky, Gy?rgy

Publication Year 2017
Journal Cell reports
Pages 1667-1680
Volume 21
Issue 6
Issn 22111247
PMID 29117569.0
PMCID PMC5710826
DOI 10.1016/j.celrep.2017.10.060

Mitochondrial distribution and motility are recognized as central to many cellular functions, but their regulation by signaling mechanisms remains to be elucidated. Here, we report that reactive oxygen species (ROS), either derived from an extracellular source or intracellularly generated, control mitochondrial distribution and function by dose-dependently, specifically, and reversibly decreasing mitochondrial motility in both rat hippocampal primary cultured neurons and cell lines. ROS decrease motility independently of cytoplasmic [Ca2+], mitochondrial membrane potential, or permeability transition pore opening, known effectors of oxidative stress. However, multiple lines of genetic and pharmacological evidence support that a ROS-activated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), p38?, is required for the motility inhibition. Furthermore, anchoring mitochondria directly to kinesins without involvement of the physiological adaptors between the organelles and the motor protein prevents the H2O2-induced decrease in mitochondrial motility. Thus, ROS engage p38? and the motor adaptor complex to exert changes in mitochondrial motility, which likely has both physiological and pathophysiological relevance. Copyright ? 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.